Benefits of Solar Battery Charging and a System Overview
Present day solar electric technology (photovoltaics) is a spin off from NASA space programs and Military research and development. They were looking for power sources that were reliable, maintenance free, had no moving parts to wear out and were free of the need for refueling. Photovoltaics proved to be the answer. That is why almost all of todays satellites are solar powered.
Modern day Boaters, Rvers also have a similar desire for this type of power source. They also want their power source to be clean, quiet, and free of the vibration and pollution associated with petrochemical fired generators. Todays solar powered systems meet all the above criteria and more.
Benefits of Solar Electric Battery Charging
1. It's Clean, Quiet, & Easy to use.
Solar panels consume no fuel and give off no waste and are therefore clean.
There are no moving parts so there is no mechanical noise being produced.
Talk about easy to use...by simply placing the solar panel in the sun, you generate electricity!
2. It Maximizes Battery Life
Solar panels generate pure D.C. electricity when exposed to sunlight. This is exactly what your batteries want. By saturating the lead plates with these pure D.C. electrons in a slow and steady manner on a daily basis, you prevent your batteries from repetitive deep discharges which shorten their life. In fact, a properly sized and designed solar battery charging system can easily double the useful life of your batteries!
3. Electrical Independence
With a properly sized system and the appropriate components, you will be able to park where you want and be free of the concerns of finding shore power or running your generator. Go to the desert, the mountains, ocean beaches, anywhere the sun shines and declare your electrical independence!
4. Low Maintenance
Since solar panels consume no fuel and have no moving parts to wear out; there are no air, oil, or fuel filters to change or tune-
5. It's Safe and Reliable
At the voltage (12 volts) and amperage (generally less than 30 amps) that RV size systems generate, there is very little chance of being electrocuted or starting electrical fires. If the system is installed using proper size wire and fuses, they are inherently safe.
As mentioned at the top of this page, NASA and the Military had reliability at the top of their list of criteria. In fact, solar panels are so reliable that manufacturers are now offering 25 year warranties on their products and fully expect them to last over 35 years!
A solar battery charging system consists of the following components:
1. SolarPanel(s) to generate charging current,
2. Mounts to hold the panels to your roof,
3. Charge Controller to regulate the flow of electricity to your batteries,
4. System Monitor (optional) to keep track of the systems performance,
5. Wire Harness to carry the charge from the panels to the batteries.